They can be percussive or use "soft" power. Karate is a typical martial art focusing on percussive atemi. The location of nerve and pressure points, such as might be used for certain acupressure methods, also often informs the choice of targets for atemi see kyusho. Some strikes against vital parts of the body can kill or incapacitate the opponent: on the solar plexus , at the temple , under the nose , in the eyes , genitals , or under the chin. Traditional Japanese martial arts the ancestors of judo , jujutsu , and aikido do not commonly practice atemi, since they were supposed to be used on the battlefield against armoured opponents.
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History[ edit ] Jigoro Kano sent many of his students outside Japan to demonstrate and teach judo. After an equally long trip across North America and Europe , the second student Kawaishi finally settled in France in where he started to teach Jujitsu to the French Law Enforcement Authorities and to a limited number of students, later supported by his assistant Shozo Awazu.
Bernard and Daniel Pariset were among his students. The Gracie family is performing a similar return to its roots by focusing more and more its teaching on Gracie self-defence as originally practised by Maeda. Bernard Pariset died in just before he could be made 10th Dan alongside his long-standing friend and Judo partner Henri Courtine.
This title however is not officially recognized by the Kodokan. Both were world-renowned experts, the former for his nage-waza and standing self-defense techniques,   and the latter for his ne-waza and ground self-defense techniques.
Mochizuki, in addition to being a judo instructor, became the first to teach aikido in the West. At the same time, karate was making its first steps in Europe under the umbrella of the young French Judo Federation, like in Japan under the umbrella of the Kodokan until the Shotokan was later established. All were practised at the dojo, fostering a process of hybridization see hybrid martial arts which influenced the making of Atemi Ju-Jitsu as a modern martial art with ancient roots, techniques and ethics.
Education Method and Ethics[ edit ] Practitioners are asked to maintain a balance between all elements of the system in order to build a complete martial artist able to face multiple situations, multiple opponents and multiple types of weapons.
As a result, their training is evenly split between atemi, nage and katame-waza; and between tachi and ne-waza. Atemi Ju-Jitsu is practiced in dedicated dojo wearing a Gi white for students and Blue or Black for instructors and relies on an established protocol for respect and safety purposes. Techniques are taught using original Japanese names and students follow the colour belt system established in the early 20th century by Mikonusoke Kawaishi.
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Judo atemi waza
Jump to navigation Jump to search Judo technique This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. When judo further developed as a sports discipline, these techniques were excluded from its competition repertoire, which limits itself mainly to throws nage waza and holds katame waza : although taught within self-defense, kata and sometimes used within informal randori , striking techniques are forbidden in the sport judo competitions rules. Since he wanted to keep its practical character of martial art as well as its nature of physical and moral education, when compiling the nage nokata or randori-no-kata, his classical repertoire of 40 throws in the gokyo no waza five sets of techniques , the standard syllabus of throwing techniques, he introduced four counterattack techniques against atemi waza: seoi nage , uki goshi , ura nage and yoko guruma. He distinguished a number or 23 body-striking techniques: Ude-Ate-waza: arm striking techniques[ edit ] Empi-uchi: Elbow blow Kirioroshi: Downward knife hand blow Naname-ate: Front crossing blow Naname-uchi: Slanting knife hand blow Ryogan-tsuki: throat strike - Strike both eyes with fingertips Shimo-tsuki: Downward blow Tsukidashi: Stomach punch with fingertips Tsukkake: Straight punch.
Classification of Techniques in Kodokan Judo