The Blackburn Firebrand was a carried-based strike fighter aircraft developed by Blackburn Aircraft of the United Kingdom. She was a design of G. Petty and went on to live a troubled development before reaching operation status thanks to an engine switch that effectively doomed the Firebrand to mediocrity. Despite the aircraft appearing during the middle years of World War 2 and achieving first flight by February 27th, , the Blackburn Firebrand - in its definitive production form - simply arrived too late in the conflict to ever see combat.
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Edit Work on the B Firebrand proceeded slowly. An unarmed prototype first flew on 27 February ,  the armed Firebrand F Mk. I second prototype flying on 15 July of that year. A new engine was needed, along with airframe improvements to handle it; along with these modifications it was deemed appropriate to convert the Firebrand into a strike fighter capable of carrying torpedoes , bombs , and rockets as well as engaging in air to air combat.
Only nine production F Mk. I aircraft were built. The Firebrand was unusual in that there was an airspeed gauge mounted outside of the cockpit so that during landing the pilot would not have to look down into the cockpit to take instrument readings, presaging the development of the modern heads up display. By the time service trials were ongoing the Fleet Air Arm was operating the Supermarine Seafire as a carrier-borne fighter and a new role as a torpedo-bomber was envisaged for the Firebrand.
The first strike variant, the Firebrand TF Mk. II B , flew on 31 March , and was an adaptation of the Mk. It incorporated slightly wider wingspan that allowed carriage of a torpedo between the retracted main landing gear. After the first flight on 21 December , problems arose: the new engine produced more torque than the Sabre, and rudder control was insufficient on takeoff. The TF Mk. III was determined to be unsuitable for carrier operations, and work began on an improved airframe that would be better-suited for the Centaurus.
IV B , as the new development was designated, featured a newer Centaurus IX engine and larger tail surfaces for better low-speed control. The enlarged rudder was horn balanced , and the wings now featured dive brakes on both upper and lower surfaces. IV first flew on 17 May , and was the first version of the Firebrand to enter mass production, with built.
The later Firebrand TF. A further 40 TF Mk. IVs were converted to the TF. The final production version was the Firebrand TF Mk. A proposal to fit floats was designated as the Blackburn B by the company, to be used for fighter defence for areas without room for an airfield, the idea was dropped.
Interesting facts about the Blackburn Firebrand by 22nd December , pm Views Share Tweet Pinterest Google The aircraft for today is the Blackburn Firebrand that made was designed to serve the British Royal navy as their single-engine aircraft for strike missions. The initial plan for the Blackburn Firebrand was to be designed purely as a fighter but following its unimpressive performance and coupled with replacement of the Napier Sabre piston engine compelled the air ministry to allocate this aircraft as a strike fighter. The development of the aircraft was really slow which made it a little too late for seeing considerable action during World War II. There could only be a few hundreds of these Blackburn Firebrands before the aircraft was returned back in Origin:- The Blackburn Firebrand was created by the Blackburn Aircraft, a company prominent at that time for building an aircraft that was to meet the Specification N. The specification asked for an aircraft that was capable of high performance as well as act as a single-seat fighter to be operated from the carriers of the Royal navy.
Interesting facts about the Blackburn Firebrand
Development[ edit ] In general, the Fleet Air Arm had required fighters that were capable of navigating long ranges over sea and speed differential over attackers was not critical. Defence of British naval bases was a RAF commitment but provision had not been made for this and so the Admiralty accepted that it would have to take on the duty. For this it needed an interceptor fighter and experience in the Norwegian Campaign of early had also shown a high-performance, carrier-based, single-seat fighter would be an advantage. Blackburn tendered their B design using the Napier Sabre cylinder H-type engine , and this was accepted by June with a proposal to order "off the drawing board" meaning without prototypes.