Adam began teaching him the piano at age seven, and Franz began composing in an elementary manner when he was eight. There, Liszt received piano lessons from Carl Czerny , who in his own youth had been a student of Beethoven and Hummel. He also received lessons in composition from Ferdinando Paer and Antonio Salieri , who was then the music director of the Viennese court. He was greeted in Austrian and Hungarian aristocratic circles and also met Beethoven and Schubert. At the end of April , the family returned to Hungary for the last time.
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Adam began teaching him the piano at age seven, and Franz began composing in an elementary manner when he was eight. There, Liszt received piano lessons from Carl Czerny , who in his own youth had been a student of Beethoven and Hummel. He also received lessons in composition from Ferdinando Paer and Antonio Salieri , who was then the music director of the Viennese court.
He was greeted in Austrian and Hungarian aristocratic circles and also met Beethoven and Schubert. At the end of April , the family returned to Hungary for the last time. At the end of May , the family went to Vienna again. Liszt was the only child composer in the anthology. He gave up touring. To earn money, Liszt gave lessons in piano playing and composition, often from early morning until late at night. His students were scattered across the city and he often had to cover long distances.
Because of this, he kept uncertain hours and also took up smoking and drinking—all habits he would continue throughout his life. Her father, however, insisted that the affair be broken off. He again stated a wish to join the Church but was dissuaded this time by his mother. He composed practically nothing in these years. Nevertheless, the July Revolution of inspired him to sketch a Revolutionary Symphony based on the events of the "three glorious days," and he took a greater interest in events surrounding him.
He met Hector Berlioz on 4 December , the day before the premiere of the Symphonie fantastique. He also inherited from Berlioz the diabolic quality of many of his works. His playing inspired Liszt to become a great virtuoso.
Paris in the s had become the nexus for pianistic activities, with dozens of pianists dedicated to perfection at the keyboard. Some, such as Sigismond Thalberg and Alexander Dreyschock , focused on specific aspects of technique, e. While it has since been referred to as the "flying trapeze" school of piano playing, this generation also solved some of the most intractable problems of piano technique, raising the general level of performance to previously unimagined heights.
His chief motive in doing so, especially with the Symphonie, was to help the poverty-stricken Berlioz, whose symphony remained unknown and unpublished. Liszt bore the expense of publishing the transcription himself and played it many times to help popularize the original score. Liszt taught at the newly founded Geneva Conservatory, wrote a manual of piano technique later lost  and contributed essays for the Paris Revue et gazette musicale.
In these essays, he argued for the raising of the artist from the status of a servant to a respected member of the community. Liszt heard that plans for a Beethoven monument in Bonn were in danger of collapse for lack of funds and pledged his support. Doing so meant returning to the life of a touring virtuoso. The countess returned to Paris with the children, while Liszt gave six concerts in Vienna, then toured Hungary.
In spring , the couple finally separated. Honours were showered on him and he met with adulation wherever he went. Moreover, his great fame as a pianist, which he would continue to enjoy long after he had officially retired from the concert stage, was based mainly on his accomplishments during this time. He was promoted to the second degree and elected master as member of the lodge "Zur Eintracht", in Berlin.
From , he was also honorary member of the lodge "Modestia cum Libertate" at Zurich and of the lodge in Pest Budapest-Hungary. Women fought over his silk handkerchiefs and velvet gloves, which they ripped to shreds as souvenirs. Ferdinand Hiller , a rival of Liszt at the time, was allegedly highly jealous at the decision made by the university. In fact, Liszt had made so much money by his mid-forties that virtually all his performing fees after went to charity.
While his work for the Beethoven monument and the Hungarian National School of Music is well known, he also gave generously to the building fund of Cologne Cathedral , the establishment of a Gymnasium at Dortmund , and the construction of the Leopold Church in Pest.
There were also private donations to hospitals, schools, and charitable organizations such as the Leipzig Musicians Pension Fund. When he found out about the Great Fire of Hamburg , which raged for three days during May and destroyed much of the city, he gave concerts in aid of the thousands of homeless there. There he met the Polish Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein , who was to become one of the most significant people in the rest of his life.
She persuaded him to concentrate on composition, which meant giving up his career as a travelling virtuoso. After a tour of the Balkans, Turkey and Russia that summer, Liszt gave his final concert for pay at Yelisavetgrad in September. He spent the winter with the princess at her estate in Woronince.
During this period he acted as conductor at court concerts and on special occasions at the theatre. He also wrote articles championing Berlioz and Wagner. Finally, Liszt had ample time to compose and during the next 12 years revised or produced those orchestral and choral pieces upon which his reputation as a composer mainly rested. Wagner held strong value towards Liszt and his musicality, once rhetorically stating "Do you know a musician who is more musical than Liszt? She eventually wished to marry Liszt, but since she had been previously married and her husband, Russian military officer Prince Nikolaus zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg — , was still alive, she had to convince the Roman Catholic authorities that her marriage to him had been invalid.
After huge efforts and a monstrously intricate process, she was temporarily successful September Although Liszt arrived in Rome on 21 October, the marriage was made impossible by a letter that had arrived the previous day to the Pope himself.
It appears that both her husband and the Tsar of Russia had managed to quash permission for the marriage at the Vatican. The Russian government also impounded her several estates in the Polish Ukraine, which made her later marriage to anybody unfeasible. On 13 December , he lost his year-old son Daniel, and, on 11 September , his year-old daughter Blandine also died.
In letters to friends, Liszt afterwards announced that he would retreat to a solitary living. He found it at the monastery Madonna del Rosario, just outside Rome, where on 20 June , he took up quarters in a small, spartan apartment. On 31 July , he received the four minor orders of porter , lector , exorcist , and acolyte. On 14 August , he was made an honorary canon of Albano. On 26 March , at a concert at the Palazzo Altieri, he directed a programme of sacred music.
Bach , Beethoven , Jommelli , Mendelssohn , and Palestrina were performed. The Mass was first performed on 8 June , at the coronation ceremony in the Matthias Church by Buda Castle in a six-section form. After the first performance, the Offertory was added, and, two years later, the Gradual. Two years later, he was asked to do the same in Budapest at the Hungarian Music Academy.
It is estimated that Liszt travelled at least 4, miles a year during this period in his life—an exceptional figure given his advancing age and the rigors of road and rail in the s.
Liszt «Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen» (1)
Retrieved 12 August Retrieved 11 August Bach reworked the first section of the first chorus to form the Crucifixus movement of the Credo in his Mass in B minor, the central movement of that work, three decades later. Between Trinity and Advent: The Prelude of is a dignified and restrained piece with just one dramatic outburst, all within the framework of a passacaglia which unfolds 25 variations on the motif. Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. Masaaki Suzuki Bach Collegium Japan. He composed it in Weimar for Jubilatethe third Sunday after Easterand led the first performance on 22 April in the Schlosskirchethe court chapel of the Schloss in Weimar. Bach was appointed Konzertmeister in Weimar in the spring ofa position that called for the performance of a church cantata each month.
More by Franz Liszt
The lamento , a chromatic fourth ostinato, is repeated twelve times. Beginning with the highest voice, each part sings an extended sigh. The setting is intensified, until in the seventh repeat all voices continue the text simultaneously: "Angst und Not" "dread and need" or "anguish and trouble" . The ninth repeat is similar to the first, but in more extreme harmonies.
Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen
Passus duriusculus , ground bass of the derived movement Crucifixus of the Mass in B minor The first choral movement, "Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen" Weeping, lamentation, worry, despair ,  is in da capo form. The lamento , a chromatic fourth ostinato, is repeated twelve times. Beginning with the highest voice, each part sings an extended sigh. The setting is intensified, until in the seventh repeat all voices continue the text simultaneously: "Angst und Not" "dread and need" or "anguish and trouble" . The ninth repeat is similar to the first, but in more extreme harmonies. The twelfth repeat is instrumental.