KURUKSHETRA BY RAMDHARI SINGH DINKAR PDF

He was married in Tabhka village of Samastipur district in Bihar. As a student, his favourite subjects were history, politics and philosophy. When he was a student of Mokama High School, it was not possible for him to stay on till school closed at four p. His poetry later showed the impact of poverty.

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See also: Kurukshetra War A manuscript of Mahabharata depicting the war at Kurukshetra According to the Puranas , ancient Hindu texts, the region is named after King Kuru of the Bharata dynasty, who is also the ancestor of Pandavas and Kauravas. These texts also tell that the battle of Mahabharata was fought on this land. As the Vamana Purana describes, King Kuru chose land at the banks of Sarasvati River dried up before BCE [5] for embedding spirituality with eight virtues: austerity Tapas , truth Satya , forgiveness Kshama , kindness Daya , purity Shuddha , charity Daana , devotion Yajna , and conduct Brahmacharya.

Lord Vishnu was impressed with the acts of King Kuru and blessed him with two boons—first, that this land forever will be known as a Holy Land after his name as Kurukshetra the land of Kuru ; second that anyone dying on this land will go to heaven. The land of Kurukshetra was situated between two rivers—the Sarasvati and the Drishadvati.

This land has also been known as Uttarvedi, Brahmavedi, and Dharamkshetra at different periods. When King Kuru came on this land it was called Uttarvedi. Kurukshetra reached the zenith of its progress during the reign of King Harsha , during which Chinese scholar Xuanzang visited Thanesar.

Kurukshetra was conquered by the Mauryan empire in the late 4th century BCE and subsequently became a center of Buddhism and Hinduism. The history of Kurkushetra is little-known in between the collapse of the Mauryans and the rise of the Kushans who conquered the region.

After the decline of Kushan power in the region, Kurkushetra became independent only to become conquered by the Gupta empire in the early 4th century CE. Under Gupta rule, Kurukshetra experienced a cultural and religious revival and became a center for Hinduism. After the fall of the Gupta, the Pushyabhuti dynasty ruled over Kurukshetra. A Kashmiri army briefly conquered Kurukshetra in but were unable to establish dominion in the area. In , the Tomara dynasty was founded and they took over the region.

Around the early 9th century, Kurukshetra lost its independence to Bengal. Mahmud of Ghazni sacked Kurukshetra in and Muslim raiders sacked it in Kurukshetra was incorporated into the Delhi Sultanate in Other than a short moment of independence from the result of a rebellion within the Sultanate in , Kurukshetra was under the control of Delhi until The Sayyid dynasty incorporated Kurukshetra into their territory though the city likely enjoyed some autonomy.

The area was much more firmly controlled under the subsequent Lodi dynasty. Some damages to Kurukshetra and its structures occurred during this period. Kurukshetra became part of the Mughal Empire after Babur quashed a local rebellion in Under Akbar , Kurukshetra once again became a spiritual center not only for Hindus but also for Sikhs and Muslims.

In , the British took Kurukshetra after defeating Sikh forces who were controlling the city. Since , Kurukshetra has become a popular spiritual center and has seen much infrastructure, development, and restoration of old structures.

For a long time, it was known as Kurukshetra Utsav. According to the Hindu calendar, the holiday comes on Mokshda Ekadashi in the month of Margshirsh. In , the government of Haryana decided to give the Gita Jayanti a global flavour and organised an International Gita Mahotsav at Kurukshetra from 1 to 11 December.

The Gita Jayanti was celebrated on 10 December as dictated by the traditional calendar. Over 2 million people visited the event that year. Later, in , Gita Jayanti was celebrated on 30 November as per the traditional calendar, and over 2. International Gita Mahotsav was organized from November 23, to December 10,

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