Many were South Indian men. Women travelled to Singapore only from the s, and even then in small numbers. The descendants of these unions were called Jawi Peranakan. More broadly, South Asian Muslims without mixed parentage but born in the Straits Settlements were sometimes also called Jawi Peranakan, as were children from Arab -Malay marriages. Jawi Peranakan families were found throughout Malaysia, especially Penang, and Singapore. Description[ edit ] The Jawi Peranakan chose their spouses carefully, screening prospective matches for wealth and status, rather than racial origins.
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Jawi Peranakan community by Thulaja, Naidu Ratnala The Jawi Peranakan were an elite group in the Malay community active for half a century s to s. Loosely defined however, Indian Muslims of mixed background and born in the Straits were also referred to as Jawi Peranakan,7 including children of Arab-Malay parentage.
While liberally adopting the Malay language and customs,15 the Jawi Peranakan remained distinct from the Malays in their preference for southern Indian cuisines16 and for conspicuous jewellery and urban fashion. Under British patronage, the local Malays found a voice in the Legislative Council and such political representation led to a shift from a non-Malay Muslim leadership of the Malays towards a Malay leadership.
Lian, K. Multiculturalism, Migration, and the Politics of Identity in Singapore. Singapore: Springer, p. Call no. Roff, W. The origins of Malay nationalism. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, p. Turnbull, C. A History of Modern Singapore, — Singapore: NUS Press, p. An account of early Malay press and periodicals. The Straits Times, p. Retrieved from NewspaperSG. Ontario, Canada: McMaster University.
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