Heian Shodan is a kata basic, very basic that is often considered me first as a learning kata that would especially learn the basics and the first techniques of the toolbox Karateka. However, if we do a research Bunkai and that we analyze a little deeper Heian Shodan , we realize that it can contain much more than a simple basic sequence for beginners. Introduction: A bunkai, what is it? I already explained in the article "Bunkai, the art of analyzing a Kata" , what is a Bunkai and how to shell a Kata to make it a method of self-defense. In the following videos, we will dissect together the Kata Heian Shodan to turn it into a real self-defense toolkit. In the introductory video, I announce you partners, in fact there is only one
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The kata consists of kicks, punches, sweeps, strikes and blocks. Body movement in various kata includes stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the ground, and jumping.
In Shotokan, kata is a performance or a demonstration, with every technique potentially a killing blow ikken hisatsu —while paying particular attention to form and timing rhythm. As the karateka grows older, more emphasis is placed on the health benefits of practicing kata, promoting fitness while keeping the body soft, supple, and agile.
Several Shotokan groups have introduced "kata" form from other styles into their training. Dai Nihon Karate-do Shotokai is the official representative of Shotokan karate. Even today, thousands of Shotokan dojo only practice 26 of these 27 kata. Meeting of hands , is the practical application of kihon and kata to real opponents. The formalities of kumite in Shotokan karate were first instituted by Masatoshi Nakayama wherein basic, intermediate, and advanced sparring techniques and rules were formalised.
Kata bunkai then matures into controlled kumite. Kumite is taught in ever increasing complexity from beginner through low grade blackbelt 1st — 2nd to intermediate 3rd — 4th and advanced 5th onwards level practitioners.
Beginners first learn kumite through basic drills, of one, three or five attacks to the head jodan or body chudan with the defender stepping backwards whilst blocking and only countering on the last defence.
These drills use basic kihon techniques and develop a sense of timing and distance in defence against a known attack. At around purple belt level karateka learn one-step sparring ippon kumite. Though there is only one step involved, rather than three or five, this exercise is more advanced because it involves a greater variety of attacks and blocks usually the defenders own choice.
Counter-attacks may be almost anything, including strikes, grapples, and take-down manoeuvres. The next level of kumite is freestyle one-step sparring jiyu ippon kumite. This type of kumite, and its successor—free sparring, have been documented extensively by Nakayama    and are expanded upon by the JKA instructor trainee program, for those clubs under the JKA. Freestyle one-step sparring is similar to one-step sparring but requires the karateka to be in motion.
Practicing one-step sparring improves free sparring jiyu kumite skills, and also provides an opportunity for practicing major counter-attacks as opposed to minor counter-attacks. In this exercise, two training partners are free to use any karate technique or combination of attacks, and the defender at any given moment is free to avoid, block, counter, or attack with any karate technique.
Training partners are encouraged to make controlled and focused contact with their opponent, but to withdraw their attack as soon as surface contact has been made.
Kaishu ippon kumite is an additional sparring exercise that is usually introduced for higher grades. This exercise is often considered more difficult than either freestyle one-step sparring or free sparring, as the defender typically cannot escape to a safe distance in time to avoid the counter to the counter-attack.
In dojo kumite any and all techniques, within reason, are valid; punches, knife hand strikes, headbutt, locks, takedowns, kicks, etc. In competition certain regulations apply, certain techniques are valid, and certain target areas, such as the joints or throat, are forbidden. The purpose of competition is to score points through the application of kumite principles while creating an exciting and competitive atmosphere, whereas the purpose of training kumite in the dojo is to be prepared to kill or cripple an opponent in a realistic situation.
After years of study in both styles, Funakoshi created a simpler system that combined the ideals of the two. Originally, karate had only three belt colors: white, brown, and black with ranks within each. Major Shotokan organizations[ edit ].
Heian Shodan's Bunkai - Defending yourself with a basic kata
Apprendre le Kata Heian Shodan
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