Watch our special Passover message. While we usually perform this sacred ritual around the table with family, friends, and community members, this year is going to be a bit different amidst the reality of the current global health pandemic. This moment of uncertainty calls us to resist the urge to turn inward and, instead, turn outward and remember the 70 million displaced people around the world who are made that much more volunerable in this moment. Download the HIAS Haggadah below to include a deeper exploration of the global refugee crisis in your Seder this year. While Seder quite literally means "order" and the Haggadah guides us through the retelling of the Passover story in a particular order, the Seder is meant to be a flexible ritual that allows us to use our imagination.
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Rabbi Yosi the Gallilean said: How do you know that the Egyptians were stricken by ten plagues in Egypt, and then were struck by fifty plagues at the sea? Ten plagues! Thus you must conclude that in Egypt they were smitten by ten plagues, at the sea they were smitten by fifty plagues! Rabbi Eliezer said: How do we know that each individual plague which the Holy One, blessed be He, brought upon the Egyptians in Egypt consisted of four plagues?
Thus you must now say that in Egypt they were struck by forty plagues, and at the sea they were stricken by two hundred plagues. Rabbi Akiva said: How do we know that each individual plague which the Holy One, blessed be He, brought upon the Egyptians in Egypt consisted of five plagues? For it is said: "He sent against them his fierce anger, fury, and indignation, and trouble, a discharge of messengers of evil": "His fierce anger," is one; "fury," makes two; "indignation," makes three; "trouble," makes four; "discharge of messengers of evil," makes five.
Thus you must now say that in Egypt they were struck by fifty plagues, and at the sea they were stricken by two hundred and fifty plagues. How many levels of favors has the Omnipresent One bestowed upon us: If He had brought us out from Egypt, and had not carried out judgments against them Dayenu, it would have sufficed us!
If He had carried out judgments against them, and not against their idols Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! If He had destroyed their idols, and had not smitten their first-born Dayenu, it would have sufficed us!
If He had smitten their first-born, and had not given us their wealth Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! If He had given us their wealth, and had not split the sea for us Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! If He had split the sea for us, and had not taken us through it on dry land Dayenu, it would have sufficed us!
If He had taken us through the sea on dry land, and had not drowned our oppressors in it Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! If He had drowned our oppressors in it, and had not supplied our needs in the desert for forty years Dayenu, it would have sufficed us!
If He had supplied our needs in the desert for forty years, and had not fed us the manna Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! If He had fed us the manna, and had not given us the Shabbat Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! If He had given us the Shabbat, and had not brought us before Mount Sinai Dayenu, it would have sufficed us!
If He had brought us before Mount Sinai, and had not given us the Torah Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! If He had given us the Torah, and had not brought us into the land of Israel Dayenu, it would have sufficed us! Thus how much more so should we be grateful to the Omnipresent One for the doubled and redoubled goodness that He has bestowed upon us; for He has brought us out of Egypt, and carried out judgments against them, and against their idols, and smote their first-born, and gave us their wealth, and split the sea for us, and took us through it on dry land, and drowned our oppressors in it, and supplied our needs in the desert for forty years, and fed us the manna, and gave us the Shabbat, and brought us before Mount Sinai, and gave us the Torah, and brought us into the land of Israel and built for us the Beit Habechirah to atone for all our sins.
Rabban Gamliel used to say: Whoever does not discuss the following three things on Passover has not fulfilled his duty, namely: Passover the Passover-sacrifice , and Maror the bitter herbs. Passover - the Passover-lamb that our fathers ate during the time of the Beit Hamikdash - for what reason [did they do so]? And the people bowed and prostrated themselves.
Because the dough of our fathers did not have time to become leavened before the King of the kings of kings, the Holy One, blessed be He, revealed Himself to them and redeemed them. Thus it is said: "They baked Matzah-cakes from the dough that they had brought out of Egypt, because it was not leavened; for they had been driven out of Egypt and could not delay, and they had also not prepared any [other] provisions.
The cup is to be held in the hand until the completion of the blessing, "Who Has Redeemed Us He took us from slavery to freedom, from sorrow to joy, and from mourning to festivity, and from deep darkness to great light and from bondage to redemption. Offer praise, you servants of the L-rd; praise the Name of the L-rd. The L-rd is high above all nations, His glory is over the heavens. He raises the poor from the dust, He lifts the needy from the dunghill, to seat them with nobles, with the nobles of His people.
He restores the barren woman to the house, into a joyful mother of children. The sea saw and fled, the Jordan turned backward. The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like young sheep. What is with you, O sea, that you flee; Jordan, that you turn backward? Mountains, why do you skip like rams; you hills, like young sheep? Then we shall eat Note: if the festival is on any day except Saturday night say: of the sacrifices and of the Passover-offerings If the Seder is on Saturday Night say: of the Passover-offerings and of the sacrifices whose blood shall be sprinkled on the wall of Your altar for acceptance; and we shall thank You with a new song for our redemption and for the deliverance of our souls.
Rachtzah Now the hands are washed with recital of the blessing for washing the hands. One should not speak until after making the next two blessings and eating the Matzah. Matzah Do not break anything off the Matzot. First put down the third Matza the bottom one , and recite the following blessing over the broken Matza and the top one. When reciting the following blessing, have in mind that it refers also to the eating of the "Sandwich" of Korech - which will be made with the third Matza - and also the eating of the Afikoman.
Now break off a kezayit the volume of one olive of the two Matzot held, and eat the 2 pieces together in reclining position. Maror Now take a kezayit the volume of one olive of the Maror, dip it into the Charoset — but then shake off the Charoset that stuck to it, so that the bitter taste will not be neutralized. Now eat the Maror, without reclining.
Korech Take the third Matzah, and also a kezayit the volume of one olive of the Chazeret - which is to be dipped into Charoset. Combine the two [like a sandwich], and say the following: Thus did Hilel do at the time of the Bet HaMikdash: He would combine Passover — lamb, Matzah and Maror and eat them together, as it said: "They shall eat it with Matzah and bitter herbs.
It is permitted to drink wine between the second and third cups. Tzafun After the meal, take the Afikoman and divide it among all the members of the household, by giving everyone a kezayit the volume of one olive.
Take care not to eat or drink only water allowed, but not recommended after the Afikoman. It is to be eaten in the reclining position and this ought to be done before midnight. A Song of Ascents. When the L-rd will return the exiles of Zion, we will have been like dreamers. Then our mouth will be filled with laughter, and our tongue with joyous song.
Then will they say among the nations, "The L-rd has done great things for these. L-rd, return our exiles as streams in the Negev. Those who sow in tears will reap with joyous song. He goes along weeping, carrying the bag of seed; he will surely come [back] with joyous song, carrying his sheaves. A Psalm by the sons of Korach, a song whose foundation is in the holy mountains. The L-rd loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwelling places of Jacob.
I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon unto those that know me; behold Philistia and Tyre, as well as Cush, "This one was born there. The L-rd will count the register of the nations, "This one was born there. Singers and dancers alike [will chant], "All my inner thoughts are of you. My mouth will utter the praise of the L-rd, and all flesh shall bless His holy Name forever and ever.
After mayim acharonim, the following verse is said: And he said to me: This is the table that is before the L-rd. When the Grace after Meal is said with a quorum of three or more males over the age of 13, the leader begins: Gentlemen, let us say Grace!
The others respond: May the Name of the L-rd be blessed from now and forever. The leader [repeats the response and] continues: With the permission of the masters, teachers and gentlemen, let us bless He of whose bounty we have eaten. The others respond: Blessed be He of whose bounty we have eaten. The leader repeats this response. Those present who did not partake of the meal respond: Blessed and praised be His Name always, forever and ever.
If there is a quorum of ten males over the age of 13 then the leader begins: Gentlemen, let us say Grace! He gives food to all flesh, for His kindness is everlasting.
Through His great goodness to us continuously we d o not lack food, and may we never lack it, for the sake of His great Name. Blessed are You L-rd, who provides food for all. May Your Name be blessed by the mouth of every living being, constantly and forever.
Blessed are You, L-rd, for the land and for the food. For this day is great and holy before You, to refrain from work and to rest thereon with love, in accordance with the commandment of Your will. Rebuild Jerusalem the holy city speedily in our days. Blessed are You, L-rd, who in His mercy rebuilds Jerusalem.
He has done good for us, He does good for us, and He will do good for us; He has bestowed, He bestows, and He will forever bestow upon us grace, kindness and mercy, relief, salvation and success, blessing and help, consolation, sustenance and nourishment, compassion, life, peace and all goodness; and may He never cause us to lack any good.
May the Merciful One reign over us forever and ever. May the Merciful One be blessed in heaven and on earth. May the Merciful One be praised for all generations, and be glorified in us forever and all eternity, and honored in us forever and ever.
May the Merciful One sustain us with honor. May the Merciful One break the yoke of exile from our neck and may He lead us upright to our land. May the Merciful One send abundant blessing into this house and upon this table at which we have eaten. May the Merciful One send us Elijah the Prophet may he be remembered for good and may he bring us good tidings, salvation and consolation.
May the Merciful One bless my father, my teacher, the master of this house, and my mother, my teacher, the mistress of this house; them, their household, their children, and all that is theirs; us, and all that is ours.
Just as He blessed our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, "in everything," "from everything," with "everything," so may He bless all of us the children of the Covenant together with a perfect blessing, and let us say, Amen. From On High, may there be invoked upon him and upon us such merit which will bring a safeguarding of peace. On Shabbat add: May the Merciful One cause us to inherit that day which will be all Shabbat and rest for life everlasting. May the Merciful One cause us to inherit that day which is all good.
May the Merciful One grant us the privilege of reaching the days of the Mashiach and the life of the World to Come. He is a tower of salvation to His king, and bestows kindness upon His anointed, to David and his descendants forever. He who makes peace in His heights, may He make peace for us and for all Israel; and say, Amen. Fear the L-rd, you His holy ones, for those who fear Him suffer no want.
Young lions are in need and go hungry, but those who seek the L-rd shall not lack any good.
Rabbi Yosi the Gallilean said: How do you know that the Egyptians were stricken by ten plagues in Egypt, and then were struck by fifty plagues at the sea? Ten plagues! Thus you must conclude that in Egypt they were smitten by ten plagues, at the sea they were smitten by fifty plagues! Rabbi Eliezer said: How do we know that each individual plague which the Holy One, blessed be He, brought upon the Egyptians in Egypt consisted of four plagues? Thus you must now say that in Egypt they were struck by forty plagues, and at the sea they were stricken by two hundred plagues. Rabbi Akiva said: How do we know that each individual plague which the Holy One, blessed be He, brought upon the Egyptians in Egypt consisted of five plagues?
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