CIPOLLA STUPIDITY PDF

Quarta Legge Le persone non stupide sottovalutano sempre il potenziale nocivo delle persone stupide. Chiaramente, le persone nel quadrante I sono Intelligenti, le persone nel quadrante B sono i Banditi, le persone nel quadrante D sono i Disgraziati o Sfortunati, e le persone nel quadrante S sono gli Stupidi. Ma la storia non finisce qui. Per esempio la corda M nel lato inferiore destro della maglia delinea il bandito perfetto, uno che provoca esattamente tanto danno come a sua volta ne trae vantaggio. Ovviamente da ambo i lati della diagonale si trovano situazioni di banditi imperfetti.

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Biography[ edit ] As a young man, Cipolla wanted to teach history and philosophy in an Italian high school, and therefore enrolled at the political science faculty at Pavia University. While a student there, thanks to professor Franco Borlandi, a specialist in Medieval economic history, he discovered his passion for economic history. Subsequently he studied at the Sorbonne and the London School of Economics. Cipolla obtained his first teaching post in economic history in Catania at the age of In Cipolla left for the United States as a Fulbright fellow and in became a visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

Two years later he obtained a full professorship. Essays[ edit ] Cipolla produced two essays on economics, circulated in English among friends in and , then published in in Italian under the title Allegro ma non troppo "Forward, but not too fast", "Happy but not too much", from the musical, "Quickly, but not too quick".

The first essay, The role of spices and black pepper in particular in Medieval Economic Development, traces the curious correlations between spice import and population expansion in the late Middle Ages, postulating a causation due to a supposed aphrodisiac effect of black pepper. The second essay, The Basic Laws of Human Stupidity, [1] [2] [3] explores the controversial subject of stupidity. Stupid people are seen as a group , more powerful by far than major organizations such as the Mafia and the industrial complex , which without regulations, leaders or manifesto nonetheless manages to operate to great effect and with incredible coordination.

The probability that a certain person will be stupid is independent of any other characteristic of that person. A stupid person is a person who causes losses to another person or to a group of persons while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses. Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid individuals. A stupid person is the most dangerous type of person.

Corollary: a stupid person is more dangerous than a pillager. As is evident from the third law, Cipolla identifies two factors to consider when exploring human behaviour : Benefits and losses that an individual causes to him or herself.

Benefits and losses that an individual causes to others. Graph with the benefits and losses that an individual causes to him or herself and causes to others. Graphically, this idea is represented by a line of slope -1, which bisects the second and fourth quadrants and intersects the y-axis at the origin.

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CIPOLLA STUPIDITY PDF

Bralkree Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid individuals. Livraghi Corollary to the First Law of Cipolla. Two years later he obtained a full professorship. These people may very possibly be too considered to tell me the truth. Most people do not act consistently. Order by newest oldest recommendations. As stu;idity evident from the third law, Cipolla identifies two factors to consider when exploring human behaviour:.

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Carlo Maria Cipolla

The first basic law of human stupidity The first basic law of human stupidity asserts without ambiguity that: Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation. At first, the statement sounds trivial, vague and horribly ungenerous. Closer scrutiny will however reveal its realistic veracity. The First Basic Law prevents me from attributing a specific numerical value to the fraction of stupid people within the total population: any numerical estimate would turn out to be an underestimate. The second basic law Cultural trends now fashionable in the West favour an egalitarian approach to life. People like to think of human beings as the output of a perfectly engineered mass production machine.

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The 5 basic laws of human stupidity, according to Cipolla

Biography[ edit ] As a young man, Cipolla wanted to teach history and philosophy in an Italian high school, and therefore enrolled at the political science faculty at Pavia University. While a student there, thanks to professor Franco Borlandi, a specialist in Medieval economic history, he discovered his passion for economic history. Subsequently he studied at the Sorbonne and the London School of Economics. Cipolla obtained his first teaching post in economic history in Catania at the age of In Cipolla left for the United States as a Fulbright fellow and in became a visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

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