IT governance inherits characteristic from corporate governance and IT management to ensure transparency of management and control of IT assets through corporate governance and effective management of IT resources and efficiency through the IT management Carter-Steel, For the successful implementation of an IT Governance framework three elements are essential: structures, processes and mechanism. Structure defines roles and responsibilities of committees of IT planning and operation. Process is the strategic planning of IT system and management of monitoring, control and process definition tools such as ITIL. Mechanism defines the relationship between IT and business. There are many frameworks and standards for IT governance but none howsoever provides the full set of IT Governance.
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IT governance inherits characteristic from corporate governance and IT management to ensure transparency of management and control of IT assets through corporate governance and effective management of IT resources and efficiency through the IT management Carter-Steel, For the successful implementation of an IT Governance framework three elements are essential: structures, processes and mechanism.
Structure defines roles and responsibilities of committees of IT planning and operation. Process is the strategic planning of IT system and management of monitoring, control and process definition tools such as ITIL.
Mechanism defines the relationship between IT and business. There are many frameworks and standards for IT governance but none howsoever provides the full set of IT Governance. When these frameworks and standards are used collectively then they become very confusing and this hinder the main purpose of IT governance Calder, With many frameworks in existence, none on their own are complete IT governance framework IT governance, n.
Using this framework, organization can get maximum benefit from all the other frameworks and standards IT governance, n. It consists of six quadrants. Each of these quadrants represents one step in end to end process which starts with the business strategy and finishes with the operations. The performance being supplied back to business strategy, we can consider the operation as beginning for the new cycle Calder and Moir, Each of the quadrants is divided into three layers: inner layer — key issues dealt by board, middle layer — executive management and the outer layer — IT practitioners Calder, The board directs, evaluates and monitors the IT support.
They evaluate the strategy, constraints and IT proposal and then monitors the six processes in the inner layer. If it does not deliver the requirements then the board directs through the processes in the upper part of the framework. The executive member manages the activities which help to deliver the end to end process. They are responsible for directing, evaluating and monitoring the process carried out by the IT practitioners.
The IT practitioners make use of the tools and methodologies to plan, design, access, control, and deliver the IT support for business Calder, ; Calder and Moir, In this framework, we see that it starts from the business strategy. For a successful business, business strategy is very important thinkingmanagers, Looking at the business environment and the business models, organization can make a successful business strategy.
Business model helps to extract value from an innovation and converts new technology to economic value quickmba, n. There are some forces outside the business which influence and impact the business largely and these are the business environments. While tolls such as business plan, balanced scorecard and green IT helps to make a good business strategy.
With environmentalists encouraging and pressurizing technology companies to minimize pollution and save energy, green IT fits just into the strategy Kaushik, Super Green Hosting is one of the web hosting companies who have considered green IT for their business strategy supergreenhosting, n.
Stakeholders today are looking for organization to be a good citizen, to act like a responsive citizen Porter and Kramer, Social responsibility marketing is a key for business strategy today Brassington and Pettitt, and Super Green hosting is doing so. Green dedicated server occupies less space and offer greater bandwidth. The board should very close look at the risk, conformance and compliance.
The board should analyze the potentials risk and also develop a plan to examine compliance Lee et al. The board should focus on the risk management practices and in the meantime ensure that the system operate in the accordance with the law Hoye and Cuskelly, We can see the risk of losing reputation, fine and penalties, and risk of closure if organization fails to meet with the standards Gillespie, Barclaycard has the highest level of compliance checking and auditing. Data security has been taken seriously in Barclaycard and they have provided their customers with a secure payment network.
They have made sure that all their payment terminals become compliant Barclaycard, n. IT strategy defines how the IT resource will be supplied to support the organization strategic plans Wallace and Webber, IT works with the business to develop architecture after the strategy has been created, risk assessed and control developed using tools and frameworks like TOGAF, Zachman Framework or Balanced Scorecard.
This results to proposal and plans to explain what business and IT should look like Calder, TOGAF is very popular standard for architecting technology which makes connection between business strategy and IT strategy White, TOGAF has been used by Westpac, an Australian bank for managing the technology components of a major outsourcing relationship. TOGAF has helped Westpac by providing them with a common reference point internally and for their vendors too.
TOGAF has provided the bank with structure for governance and speeded up their ability to implement necessary disciplines opengroup, n. The proposal and plans created during the previous phases are looked after by board. The proposal and plans helps board to know the changes required to deliver the performance Calder, Without the use of project management the project will not be able to deliver the required performance.
PRINCE2 facilities with greater control over resources and is flexible for different projects prince2, n. PRINCE2 helped Cheshire Constabulary to have better understanding on what exactly they wanted to achieve and its implementation had a positive experience in implementing change within the organization csid, IT balance sheet reveals the investments on infrastructure, software and technologies that do not normally appear on the balance sheet.
It capitalizes all the IT equipment, software and data resources. It infrastructure is the first category and it includes all the hardware and software. Second is the IT application which includes the modified and unmodified commercial software package and custom developed software which was designed for the organization. Third category is the data — storage and processing incurred in creating the data resources. As we see IT has become important in every business and IT application comes with a cost.
Every business wants to know if they can get the value money from the IT expenditure. It also facilitates integration across security and business continuity for the organization. Furthermore its best practices outlines management process to support business achieve value in IT operations Bennett, This framework has not only helped the organization to save cost but also improve productivity.
But the actual performance is fed back to the business strategy. So this completion also acts as the starting point for the next cycle Calder and Moir, It is a process improvement approach. The natural resources being finite, green IT helps in sustainability.
Green It leads not only to corporate social responsibility but also better resource use and technological innovation. ISO defines six principles which helps establish responsibilities and plans to support company IT services. All the activities needed to identify and control the risk is included. Although it can be used on different programmes, its main aim is for vision led programmes. The information security requirement it created governs all the payment channels.
It provides fundamentals of project management applicable to wide range of projects. It helps drive the company through the fundamentals for running a successful project.
It is a measure of quality and anything outside customer expectation is a six sigma defect. Strategic plans provide the base for business plan. The Unified Compliance Framework tracks authority documents in a very methodical way so that the information can be shared. Bell, C. Bennett, J. Brassington, F. London: Pitman Publishing. Calder, A. Cambridgeshire: IT Governance Publishing.
Carter-Steel, A. London: Information Science Reference. Journal of Risk Management of Korea. Gillespie, M. Guglielmo, K. Harpham, A. Hoye, R. Sport Governance. IT governance n. Kotelnikov, V. Lamb, J. Food Control. Letza, S. Linkous, J. Porter, M. Harvard Business Review. Samson, P. Supergreenhosting n. Why Super Green Hosting?
The Calder-Moir IT Governance Framework
Zulkim Why Super Green Hosting? Feel free to surf to my page IT governance inherits characteristic from corporate governance and IT management governqnce ensure transparency of management and control of IT assets through corporate governance and effective management of IT resources and efficiency through caoder IT management Carter-Steel, IT balance sheet reveals the investments on infrastructure, software and technologies that do not normally appear on the balance sheet. It is a process improvement approach. Hi, thank you for your great post.
Calder-Moir IT Governance Framework
Calder Moir IT Governance Framework Toolkit